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DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES DISPENSING MECHANISM AT PHARMACIES
Some psychotropic substances and drugs addicts resort to using drugs in pharmacies as they are available and cheap, and most of them are analgesics, antidepressants or antipsychotic drugs.
In order to prevent any violation and to prevent these medications from falling into the drug addicts’ hands, the legislator set the way for storing the drugs and psychotropic substances as it states in Article (29) of the Federal Law number (14) of 1995:
The manager of a pharmacy must keep the substances listed in Schedules 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8, annexed to this Law, in a securely closed cupboard inside the pharmacy. Such substances shall be considered to be kept in his custody.
For mechanism of dispensing drugs to the patients, the legislator determined that in detail and precisely, as law does not allow the pharmacy to dispense any drugs or psychotropic substances except under a prescription by a physician licensed to practice human or veterinary medicine in the State, and this as per Article (24) of the Federal Law number (14) of 1995, and this prescription must fulfill the conditions stated upon by Article (11) of the Federal Law number (4) of 1983 as follows:
• Written in a clear hand-writing carrying the name of the licensed physician who issued it, his stamp, signature and date of issue.
• The medical prescription must be numbered and stamped by the Ministry’s stamp and issued in the form prepared for this purpose.
• Written in an ineffaceable (impossible to remove) material.
• The prescription should include the amount of medicine in letters and figures, directions and name and address of the patient.
• Should not be issued for a period exceeding two days.
• The prescribed dose should not be more than what has been stated in the pharmacopoeia and the period of usage not to exceed three days.
The pharmacy cannot dispense these drugs if the percent in the prescription exceeded the percent in schedule number (9) attached to this law, however if the patient’s state requires increase of the percent, the treating physician may require an authorization from the competent administrative authority with the required percent for this purpose.
The legislator has determined the only legal form of dealing between the patient and the pharmacy, all this according to Article (24) of the law.
In addition to this, the law determined some procedures and measures that the pharmacy manager has to adhere to:
First: (as per Article 26): the manager of a pharmacy must prepare a register to enter, consecutively on the same day, what is received and dispensed of the substances listed in Schedules 3, 6, 7 and 8, annexed to this Law. The information to be recorded in this register shall be specified in accordance with a decision issued by the Minister of Health. The pages of the register must be numbered and stamped with the seal of the Competent Administrative Authority before utilization.
Second: (according to Article 27 of the Federal Law number 8 of 2016):
1- The manager of a pharmacy must keep the medical prescriptions containing narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, on which is indicated the date of dispensation and the number of entry in the register.
2- Using a medical prescription more than once is prohibited.
3- The Ministry of Health resolution determines the psychotropic substances that can be dispensed repeatedly with one prescription and number of times for each substance.
Third: According to Article (28) of the Federal Law number (14) of 1995:
The manager of a pharmacy must send to the Competent Administrative Authority, within the first fifteen days of January and July of each year, by registered mail, a detailed statement, signed by him, indicating the quantities received and dispensed and the remaining quantities of the substances listed in Schedules 3, 6, 7 and 8, annexed to this Law, for the previous six months.
Through the aforementioned, we note the great care the legislator gives to the drugs and medications the drug addicts may resort to, and the aim is to prevent these drugs from falling into their hands, and this includes a great benefit for them in a try to prevent them from moving in a path of destruction, and there is a benefit for the pharmacist as well, as his adherence to these procedures protects him before law when these drugs fall into hands of addicts, and the benefit is still continual and constant for the patient for whom these drugs were imported or manufactured, for the patient only.