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VEHICLE DRIVING LICENSE
Importance – Terms –Validity
In accordance with the UAE Traffic Law, amended by the Federal Law No. 21 of 2007.
The UAE legislator is aware of the importance of traffic in the contemporary lifestyle economically and developmentally and he was very keen to make the driving of the car and it`s movement on the roads a regulated process which is subject to the rules that govern it, by disregarding these rules the number of the traffic accidents will increase as well as the material and human losses, also the public road will turn into an arena outside the law where all kinds of irregularities will be practiced, which may reach murder, so the legislator stressed the prohibition of driving without a license issued by the licensing authority, the competent authority in the UAE issues the licenses to drive vehicles and registration and its movement on the public roads, as stated in Article No. 13 of the traffic law, amended by the Federal Law No. 21 of 2007 as follows; No person is allowed to drive any motor vehicle on the road without possessing a valid driving license issued by the Licensing Authority investing him with the right to drive the kind of vehicle he is driving. This license is referred to in this Law by the driving license.
As it indicates from the text of the aforementioned Article that the legislator stressed that the driver’s license is a specified license, grants the licensee the right to drive the type of vehicle that he is authorized to drive only. In addition, the legislator stressed that the person in charge of the vehicle may not let anyone drive his vehicle unless he holds a license that allows him to do so, as states in Article 13: “Any person responsible for a motor vehicle may not allow any one not holding a license for driving such vehicle to do so.”
As for the conditions for obtaining a license, it is stated in Article 15 as follows:
For obtaining a driving license the following conditions must be satisfied:
1) That the applicant for a license concerning one of the vehicles mentioned in Article (3) of this Law is seventeen years old if applying for a license relating to the vehicles mentioned in item 5 or 6, eighteen years for the vehicles mentioned in item 1, twenty years for the vehicles mentioned in items 2 or 4, and twenty- one years for the vehicles mentioned in item 3.
2) That the applicant must submit a medical report, from a government physician or a physician approved by the Licensing Authority ascertaining his medical fitness for driving a motor vehicle. Wearing medical eyeglasses or lenses rectifying the eyesight for a fitness test is allowed.
3) That the applicant must pass the required driving test organized by the implementing regulations and the decisions issued for the execution hereof.
Accordingly, the legislator has determined specific conditions for obtaining the driving license, which is related to the person who is applying for the license, where the first condition is the age. The minimum acceptable age for the driving license for the disabled and motorbike carriers must be at least 17 years, Heavy vehicles, tractors and mechanical equipment for twenty years, and for buses twenty-one years. Where the second condition requires the submission of a medical report assuring his medical fitness for driving motor vehicle and the third condition is passing the driving test which is organized by the executive regulations. The licensing authority shall grant the driving license to someone whoever is holding a valid license issued in a foreign country as states in Article 16 : The Licensing Authority is empowered to grant a driving license to whoever holds a valid license issued in a foreign country without performing the procedures mentioned in item 3 of Article (15), in case the license is issued by one of the countries excepted by a decision from the Minister of Interior, in compliance with the conditions determined by such decision.
The license Authority shall determine the validity period of the driving license and may askes the holder to re- submits a proof of continuance of his health fitness as stated in Article No. 17 : The Licensing Authority is entitled to determine the validity period of the driving license and may, at the date of expiry of the license, require its holder to submit proof of continuance of his health fitness before approving its renewal.
Noting that the license which is granted to the applicants between 17 and 21 years is a temporary license for one year that shall be renewed for one year expecting the license grants for disables as states in Article 17 : “ With the exception of applicants for a license in accordance with item 5 of Article (3) hereof, the licenses granted to applicants between 17 and 21 years of age, shall be temporary (on probation) and for one renewable year”
On the other hand, the continued validity of the driver’s license is related to the capacity of the holder and to his health fitness to drive the vehicle. As states in Article 18: “The Licensing Authority may suspend, annul or refuse renewal of any driving license in case it has proof that its holder has lost the capacity or the physical fitness for driving the vehicle he is licensed to drive”.
As for the International Driving Licenses, which are valid for in one country or more, the legislator granted the Automobile Clubs the power to issue the international license in accordance with Article 19: The Automobile Clubs in the State shall undertake to issue trip tickets and international driving licenses valid in one or more states. The implementing regulation explains the procedures to be followed in this respect.
Finally, we shall refer to an important point in this article is that there are exceptions related to the provisions of the driving license shall not be applied to the followings cases as stated in Article 14:
The following cases are excepted from applying the provisions of this Title:
1) The members of the armed forces when driving military vehicles on condition of possessing permits issued by their military authorities.
2) The drivers of motor vehicles licensed and registered in a foreign country, excepted from the provisions of registration and licensing provided for in this Law, when driving such vehicles, on condition that they possess valid driving licenses issued by the competent authorities in that country, or international driving licenses, permitting them to drive these vehicles within the time limits during which they are authorized to drive and within the time limit they are permitted to stay in the State whether for transit or visit or for a determined task.
3) Holders of valid international or foreign driving licenses with permission to stay in the State, but not residing in the State, and such in accordance with the rules determined by the Minister of Interior in that concern.
Therefore, the excluded categories from applying the provisions of aforementioned Articles are: (1) the members of the armed forces when driving military vehicles, as they are subject to their military authority not the licensing authority; (2) drivers of motor vehicles registered and licensed in a foreign country, excepted from the registration and licensing provisions of this law providing that when driving the vehicle the driver should hold the driving license issued by the competent authority of that country or a valid international driving license within the time limit for their stay in the country; (3) the holders of a valid international or foreign licenses who are authorized to remain in the State for non-residence.